Mount Elgon National Park
Mount Elgon is Kenya’s second highest
mountain. It lies 140 km north-east of Lake Victoria and is bisected by
the Kenya-Uganda border. An ancient eroded volcano with a huge caldera,
its summit has the spectacular flat-topped basalt column known as
Koitobos. Another unique feature of the mountain is the lava tube
caves, some over 60 metres wide and only caves in the world frequented
by elephants (and other animals) digging for salts. Mount Elgon
National Park was gazetted in 1968 and covers a narrow transect on its
north-eastern slopes. The remaining forest and moorland is part of the
Mount Elgon Forest Reserve.
Climatic conditions -
The climate is moist to moderate dry. Annual rainfall is over 1,270 mm
Together with the fauna and flora, the park is endowed with variety and
breathtaking scenery of cliffs, caves, waterfalls, gorges, mesas,
calderas, hot springs, and the mountain peaks
Elephant, leopard, giant forest hog, bushback, buffalo, duiker, black
and white colobus, blue monkeys, and golden cat, among others.
Birds: More than 240 bird species in the area, including the African crowned eagle, Ross’ turaco and red-fronted parrot.
Road: Access is via tarmac road to Kitale, branch to murram road and
then to the Chorlim Gate. Two routes to the gate can be used, either
via Endebess or take the tarmac road 15 km past Kitale and turn left
onto a murrum road leading to the gate.
Lodges: Mount Elgon Lodge, 0.5 km outside the park gate.
KWS Self-Catering Accommodation: Kapkuro Bandas, Koitoboss Guesthouse, Kitum Guesthouse
Best time to visit -
All year round
Vehicle circuits leading to animal viewing areas, the caves and
Koitoboss peak; self-guided walking trails (ask for the Kitum Cave
guide book at the gate); hiking to Endebess Bluff and Koitoboss Peak;
primate and bird watching; cave explorations; camping; horse-riding;